Portugal ( Portuguese pronunciation: [puɾtuˈɣal] ), officially the Portuguese Republic ( Portuguese: República Portuguesa [ʁɛˈpuβlikɐ puɾtuˈɣezɐ] ), [note 4] is a country located on the Iberian Peninsula, in southwestern Europe, and whose territory also includes the Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira.
Coordinate: 38°42′N 9°11′W ( Mappa) Il Portogallo (in portoghese: Portugal; in mirandese: Pertual ), ufficialmente Repubblica Portoghese (in portoghese: República Portuguesa ), è uno Stato membro dell' Unione europea. È collocato nella posizione più occidentale fra tutti gli Stati dell' Europa continentale .
- Repubblica Portoghese
- República Portuguesa
- 14 dicembre 1955
Nota: Para outros significados, veja Portugal (desambiguação) . República Portuguesa Portugal Bandeira Brasão de armas Hino nacional: A Portuguesa Gentílico: português , -guesa Localização de Portugal (em verde) na União Europeia (em verde claro) Capital Lisboa 38° 42' N 9° 10' O Cidade mais populosa Lisboa (Pop. 2021: 545 796) Área Metropolitana (Pop. 2021: 2 870 208) Língua ...
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Three groups of islands in the Atlantic Ocean are also part of Portugal: the Azores (Açores), Madeira and the Savage Isles (Ilhas Selvagens). The Savage Isles are a small group of uninhabited islands, administered by Madeira. Portugal claims that Olivençais also part of its territory, but it is controlled by Spain.
Kingdom of Portugal
Portugal became its own kingdom in 1139 but was not officially recognized until 1143. Portugal has had links with England since the 1100s by a treaty. The border with Spain has been almost the same since the 13th century. Fishing and tradingwith other countries were important here. Portugal was important in the world exploration for two reasons. Henry the Navigator, a prince from Portugal, was very interested in exploration. Inventions in navigation led to a bigger knowledge of geography. Thi...
In 1910, the Kingdom of Portugal ended and Portugal became a Republic. Eight years after Portugal’s involvement in World War One, a military group took control of the country from the Portuguese First Republic called the 28 May coup d’état. This began a time of rule by authoritarian governments called Ditadura Nacíonal that later became known as Estado Novo. During World War II Portugal remained neutral but friendly to Britain and Spain. In 1974 a peaceful left-wing army coup, called the Carn...
The history of Portugal can be traced from circa 400,000 years ago, when the region of present-day Portugal was inhabited by Homo heidelbergensis . The Roman invasion in the 3rd century BC lasted several centuries, and developed the Roman provinces of Lusitania in the south and Gallaecia in the north.
Portugal ist ein sehr sicheres Land, 2022 stand es auf dem sechsten Platz des Global Peace Index. Das Entwicklungsprogramm der Vereinten Nationen zählt Portugal zu den Ländern mit sehr hoher menschlicher Entwicklung.