Ancient Greece (Greek: Ἑλλάς, romanized: Hellás) was a northeastern Mediterranean civilization, existing from the Greek Dark Ages of the 12th–9th centuries BC to the end of classical antiquity (c. 600 AD), that comprised a loose collection of culturally and linguistically related city-states and other territories.
La colonizzazione greca, causata dai gravi contrasti di classe, dalle guerre tra città e dall'aumento della popolazione, che fece crescere il fabbisogno di terre e materie prime, interessò sia l'area orientale ( Tracia e Mar Nero ), sia quella occidentale ( Italia meridionale, Francia e Spagna ).
- Civiltà greca
- Civiltà achea
- Civiltà romana
Ancient Greece refers to a period of Greek history that lasted from the Greek Dark Ages ( c. 1050 – c. 750 BC) to the end of antiquity ( c. 600 AD ). In common usage, it can refer to all Greek history before—or including—the Roman Empire, but historians tend use the term more precisely.
Ancient Greek civilization, also commonly called Ancient Greece, was a large place in the northeast of the Mediterranean Sea in which people spoke the Greek language. The arera was much larger than today's country of Greece. The Greek civilization thrived from the archaic period of the 8th to the 6th centuries BC to 146 BC.
This is a timeline of ancient Greece from its emergence around 800 BC to its subjection to the Roman Empire in 146 BC. For earlier times, see Greek Dark Ages, Aegean civilizations and Mycenaean Greece. For later times see Roman Greece, Byzantine Empire and Ottoman Greece. For modern Greece after 1820, see Timeline of modern Greek ...
Ancient Greek was the language of Homer and of fifth-century Athenian historians, playwrights, and philosophers. It has contributed many words to English vocabulary and has been a standard subject of study in educational institutions of the Western world since the Renaissance.
Ancient Greek architecture is best known from its temples, many of which are found throughout the region, with the Parthenon regarded, now as in ancient times, as the prime example.  Most remains are very incomplete ruins, but a number survive substantially intact, mostly outside modern Greece.
Il nome originale della Grecia in lingua greca è Ελλάς = Ellás / e̞ˈlas /. Tale nome è reso in italiano con ‘Hellas’ seguendo le antiche convenzioni politoniche. Meno formalmente, ma più comunemente, è chiamata Ελλάδα = Elláda / e̞ˈlaða /, riferibile al termine italiano Éllade.
The oldest remains of humans in Greece is a well-preserved skull of Homo heidelbergensis from Petralona Cave in Macedonia, dating to around 250-300,000 years ago, though the estimates are highly uncertain. 
Homosexuality in ancient Greece Young man and teenager engaging in intercrural sex, fragment of a black-figure Attic cup, 550 BC–525 BC, Louvre In classical antiquity, writers such as Herodotus,  Plato,  Xenophon,  Athenaeus  and many others explored aspects of homosexuality in Greek society.
ancient Greece The period between the catastrophic end of the Mycenaean civilization and about 900 bce is often called a Dark Age. It was a time about which Greeks of the Classical age had confused and actually false notions.
Ancient Greek was an Indo-European language spoken in Ancient Greece from about 1500 BC to about 300 BC. Ancient Greek and Latin are very important languages. Although they are no longer spoken, they influenced almost all modern European languages. Greek had many different dialects.