Julia Gillard. Julia Eileen Gillard AC (born 29 September 1961) is an Australian former politician who served as the 27th prime minister of Australia from 2010 to 2013, holding office as leader of the Australian Labor Party (ALP). She previously served as the 13th deputy prime minister of Australia from 2007 to 2010, under Prime ...
- Kevin Rudd
- Kevin Rudd
Università di Adelaide, Melbourne Law School e Unley High School. Professione. Avvocato. Firma. Julia Eileen Gillard ( Barry, 29 settembre 1961) è una politica australiana, ex Primo ministro del Commonwealth dell'Australia. Dal 1998 al 2013 fu membro del parlamento federale.
- Early life
- Prime minister
Julia Gillard, in full Julia Eileen Gillard, (born September 29, 1961, Barry, Vale of Glamorgan, Wales), Australian politician who served as leader of the Australian Labor Party (ALP; 2010–13) and as prime minister of Australia (2010–13). She was the first woman to hold either office.
Gillard was born in Wales, but her family joined the wave of post-World War II emigration from Britain to Australia in 1966. They settled in Adelaide, and she grew up in a middle-class environment. She attended the University of Adelaide, where she was an active member of the student government. In 1983 Gillard moved to Melbourne, where she served as president of the Australian Union of Students and continued her studies at the University of Melbourne. She earned degrees in law and arts from the University of Melbourne in 1986, and she joined a private law practice the following year. She was made a partner, specializing in industrial law, in 1990.
Gillard’s political career began with the Victorian ALP in the late 1970s, and she aligned herself with the party’s Socialist Left faction. Beginning in the mid-1980s, Gillard steadily advanced through the ranks of the ALP. From 1985 to 1989 she served as president of the party’s Carlton branch, and from 1993 to 1997 she was a member of the administrative committee of the ALP in Victoria. In 1996 she was appointed chief of staff for Victorian ALP leader John Brumby. She held that post until 1998, when she was elected to serve Lalor, an industrial district west of Melbourne, in the federal House of Representatives.
After the ALP’s disappointing showing in federal elections in 2001, Gillard was elevated to the front bench and given the shadow portfolio of population and immigration. She crafted the ALP’s policy on refugees and asylum seekers, deftly addressing an issue that had cost the party dearly in the 2001 election. Gillard served a short stint as shadow minister for reconciliation and indigenous affairs in 2003, before assuming the shadow health portfolio later that year. She easily won reelection in 2004, and two years later a party caucus elected her deputy to newly installed ALP leader Kevin Rudd.
Although Australia weathered the global economic crisis that peaked in 2007–08 far better than many other industrialized countries, the Rudd administration suffered a number of legislative setbacks that led to declining poll numbers for the prime minister. A carbon emissions trading scheme, regarded as a key plank in the Rudd platform, stalled in the legislature in 2009 and was later dropped, greatly damaging Rudd’s credibility, and a proposed “super tax” on mining company profits prompted a fierce backlash from the industrial sector in 2010. Faced with a leadership challenge by Gillard, Rudd conceded that he did not have his party’s support, and he stood down as ALP leader. Gillard was promptly elected ALP leader, and on June 24, 2010, she was sworn in as Australia’s first female prime minister. The following week she negotiated a compromise agreement with the mining companies that reduced the proposed tax from 40 percent to 30 percent.
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After less than a month in office, Gillard called for an election to be held on August 21 (see Australian federal election of 2010). The ALP’s easy victory of 2007 was not to be repeated, however. The race was the tightest in decades, and neither the ALP nor its main opposition, the alliance of the Liberal Party and the Nationals, won an outright majority of seats in the House of Representatives. Both the ALP and the Liberal-Nationals bloc began talks with independent and Green officials, hoping to be able to secure enough backing to form a government. In the event, the ALP won support from three independents and the Green member of parliament, enabling it in early September to form Australia’s first minority government since 1940.
Gillard’s first year in office was productive, but she failed to produce major policy successes on immigration and climate change, two issues that were at the fore of Australian politics. Consequently, her popularity with voters plunged—particularly in Queensland, Rudd’s home state—but her response to the disastrous floods that afflicted eastern Australia in 2010–11 was generally praised. Gillard’s proposed “flood levy,” a one-off tax on incomes over $50,000 designed to assist with reconstruction in the wake of the floods, was approved in March 2011. Gillard scored a victory in May 2011 when the National Broadband Network (NBN) went online in New South Wales. A mixed fibre-optic, wireless, and satellite network, the NBN was expected to provide, upon its completion, high-speed Internet access to even the remotest parts of Australia.
Nevertheless, Gillard’s standing dipped further in July 2011, when she reversed herself on a campaign promise and introduced plans for a tax on carbon emissions. The scheme, which was a priority for the Green and independent MPs in Gillard’s minority government, imposed a flat tax on every metric ton of carbon produced after July 1, 2012. The flat tax would be replaced with a market-driven emissions trading platform in 2015. The increased costs to Australian consumers would be offset with tax cuts and direct financial assistance. Although the opposition vowed to repeal it if given the opportunity, Gillard’s plan was adopted where Rudd’s had failed.
Gillard, Julia. – Politica australiana di origine britannica (n. Barry, Galles, 1961). Emigrata in Australia con la famiglia negli anni Sessanta del 20° secolo, dal 2010 è primo ministro dell’Australia. Come avvocato si è impegnata sul fronte del diritto del lavoro e, dal 1998 al 2001, ha fatto parte ...
1 giu 2020 · Julia Gillard smashed a glass ceiling as Australia’s 27th prime minister. She also transformed the way we talk and think about women in politics. How Julia Gillard forever changed Australian ...
27 giu 2013 · Julia Gillard, a Welsh-born lawyer, became Australia's first female prime minister in June 2010 - but was ditched by her party before elections three years later. The man she ousted in a surprise...