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  1. Justinus van Nassau (1559–1631) was the only extramarital child of William the Silent. He was a Dutch army commander known for his role in the defeat of the Spanish Armada, his leadership of the forces in Breda during the siege of 1624, and the depiction of his surrender in the painting by Diego Velázquez, The Surrender of Breda .

    • Anna van Mérode
  2. Luitenant Admiraal van Zeeland. Justinus van Nassau (Leiden, 1559 - Leiden, 1631) was het enige buitenechtelijke kind van Willem van Oranje; zijn moeder was Willems vriendin Eva Elincx, mogelijk dochter van Zebrecht Elincx, waard in Het Kleine Hert te Breda en in 1555 gezworene van de rederijkerskamer van den Vroechdendael, wiens ...

  3. On June 5, 1625 the Dutch governor of Breda, Justinus van Nassau, surrendered the keys of that city to Ambrosio Spínola, the Genoese general commanding the Spanish tercios (a group of soldiers that included pikemen, swordsmen and musketeers) of Flanders.

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    The Surrender of Breda depicts a military victory, the 1624 Siege of Breda, during the Eighty Years War. This war began due to a revolt against Philip II of Spain by the Seventeen Provinces, which today includes the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg. Velázquez captured the end of the battle, as he also differentiated the two sides, one which is t...


    Velázquez addresses the details of many individuals by painting the setting across two halves, where the battle takes place in the background.The surrender portion of the scene takes place in the foreground, with the leading individuals placed clearly in the center. The focus of the composition is in the foreground, where the exchange of the keys is shown in the very front, while in the background, the smoky sky shows evidence of destruction and death. The painting depicts many Spanish soldie...


    The painting's relatively light tonality and bright colors reveal the influence of Venetian painting. There is no use of violent reds or bright blues; rather calm brown colors with dark shadows in the foreground are used. Also, there is believed to be a connection between Velázquez's use of color, as he had taken a trip to Italy to study Renaissanceart. In addition to the color techniques he became equipped to, Velázquez also gained improved skills with space, perspective and light.

    Subject matter

    At the center of the composition, Justinus van Nassau is seen surrendering and handing over the key of the city to Spinola and Spain.Spinola, the Genoese general, commanded the Spanish tercios which included pikemen, swordsmen, and musketeers as displayed in the painting.

    The response to Velazquez's artwork was grand at the very least, with the critical reaction being that The Surrender of Breda was the most impressive Spanish works of art.Also, the artwork solidified Velazquez's effort as the most superb depiction of Spanish Baroque, provided that Baroque art was closely connected to humanity and how people should ...

    One of Velázquez's contemporaries, Peter Paul Rubens, has been cited to be an inspiration for the work connected to The Surrender of Breda. Despite differences in style between the two Baroque artists, Rubens' prior works such as The Reconciliation of Esau and Jacob, produced in 1624, has resemblance in terms of its composition and philosophical co...

    The painting illustrates the exchange of keys that occurred three days after the capitulation between Spain and the Netherlands was signed on June 5, 1625. Hence, the focus of the painting is not on the battle itself, but rather the reconciliation. At the center of the painting, literally and figuratively, is the key given to Ambrogio Spinola by Ju...

    The motion picture Alatriste, a 2006 Spanish epic historical fiction war film directed by Agustín Díaz Yanes, contains a scene showing the surrender of Breda as the basis for the painting.[citation needed]

    López-Rey, José. Velázquez’ Work and World. Greenwich, CT: New York Graphic Society, 1968.
    Museo Nacional del Prado, "The Surrender of Breda, or The Lances"(accessed July 3, 2009).
    • 1634–35
  4. 1559 tot 1631. Justinus van Nassau,atelier van schilder: Ravesteyn, Jan Antonisz. van (coll. Rijksmuseum A'dam) Justinus van Nassau was de enige onwettige zoon van Willem van Oranje. Het was in de zestiende en zeventiende eeuw niet ongewoon voor de hoge adel om onwettige kinderen te hebben, zogenaamde bastaarden.

  5. A painting about magnanimity. The center of the painting is dominated by the exchange of the keys. Ambrogio Spinola, the captain of the Spanish troops, receives the keys of the city from Justinus van Nassau.

  6. 3 set 2007 · Description. Portrait of Justinus of Nassau (1559–1631). Part of the Leeuwarden series, a series of portraits of military officials from the Eighty Years' War as well as members of the House of Orange-Nassau, first documented in 1633 in the Stadhouderlijk Hof (Stadholder's Court) in Leeuwarden (see Object history). Depicted people.