Otto I the Elder: 1272 1308–1311 17 January 1328 Upper Hesse: Adelaide of Ravensberg 1297 ... Wilhelm I, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel-Rumpenheim (1787–1867)
Landgrave Moritz was born at Racconigi Castle, in Italy.During the Second World War, Moritz's mother, Princess Mafalda of Savoy, was arrested by the Nazis for alleged subversive activities and died in the Buchenwald concentration camp in 1944 as a result of a U.S. bombing raid on the camp.
Under the leadership of William and his minister president Otto von Bismarck, Prussia achieved the unification of Germany and the establishment of the German Empire. Despite his long support of Bismarck as Minister President, William held strong reservations about some of Bismarck's more reactionary policies, including his anti-Catholicism and tough handling of subordinates.
Frederick William George Adolphus, Landgrave of Hesse (German: Friedrich Wilhelm Georg Adolf von Hessen-Kassel; 25 November 1820 – 14 October 1884) was the only son of Wilhelm I, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel-Rumpenheim and Princess Louise Charlotte of Denmark.
Rembrandt's Descent from the Cross was looted in 1806 by French soldiers from the Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel, Germany; current location: Hermitage, St. Petersburg. Napoleon's conquests in Europe were followed by a systematic attempt, later more tentatively echoed by Hitler, to take the finest works of art of conquered nations back to the Louvre in Paris for a grand central museum of all Europe.
Frederick V, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg: 5. Landgravine Luise Ulrike of Hesse-Homburg: 11. Landgravine Caroline of Hesse-Darmstadt: 1. Günther, Prince of Schwarzburg: 12. Otto Charles Frederick, Prince of Schönburg-Waldenburg: 6. Otto Victor, Prince of Schönburg-Waldenburg: 13. Henriette Eleonore of Reuss-Köstritz: 3. Princess Mathilde of ...
Philipp, Prince and Landgrave of Hesse (6 November 1896 – 25 October 1980) was head of the Electoral House of Hesse from 1940 to 1980. He joined the Nazi Party in 1930, and, when they gained power with the appointment of Adolf Hitler as Chancellor in 1933, he became Oberpräsident of the Prussian Province of Hesse-Nassau .