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  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › InternetInternet - Wikipedia

    The Internet (or internet) is the global system of interconnected computer networks that uses the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to communicate between networks and devices. It is a network of networks that consists of private, public, academic, business, and government networks of local to global scope, linked by a broad array of ...

    • Overview
    • Early networks

    The Internet is a vast network that connects computers all over the world. Through the Internet, people can share information and communicate from anywhere with an Internet connection.

    Who invented the Internet?

    The Internet consists of technologies developed by different individuals and organizations. Important figures include Robert W. Taylor, who led the development of the ARPANET (an early prototype of the Internet), and Vinton Cerf and Robert Kahn, who developed the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) technologies.

    How does the Internet work?

    The Internet works through a series of networks that connect devices around the world through telephone lines. Users are provided access to the Internet by Internet service providers. The widespread use of mobile broadband and Wi-Fi in the 21st century has allowed this connection to be wireless.

    Is the Internet dangerous?

    The first computer networks were dedicated special-purpose systems such as SABRE (an airline reservation system) and AUTODIN I (a defense command-and-control system), both designed and implemented in the late 1950s and early 1960s. By the early 1960s computer manufacturers had begun to use semiconductor technology in commercial products, and both conventional batch-processing and time-sharing systems were in place in many large, technologically advanced companies. Time-sharing systems allowed a computer’s resources to be shared in rapid succession with multiple users, cycling through the queue of users so quickly that the computer appeared dedicated to each user’s tasks despite the existence of many others accessing the system “simultaneously.” This led to the notion of sharing computer resources (called host computers or simply hosts) over an entire network. Host-to-host interactions were envisioned, along with access to specialized resources (such as supercomputers and mass storage systems) and interactive access by remote users to the computational powers of time-sharing systems located elsewhere. These ideas were first realized in ARPANET, which established the first host-to-host network connection on October 29, 1969. It was created by the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) of the U.S. Department of Defense. ARPANET was one of the first general-purpose computer networks. It connected time-sharing computers at government-supported research sites, principally universities in the United States, and it soon became a critical piece of infrastructure for the computer science research community in the United States. Tools and applications—such as the simple mail transfer protocol (SMTP, commonly referred to as e-mail), for sending short messages, and the file transfer protocol (FTP), for longer transmissions—quickly emerged. In order to achieve cost-effective interactive communications between computers, which typically communicate in short bursts of data, ARPANET employed the new technology of packet switching. Packet switching takes large messages (or chunks of computer data) and breaks them into smaller, manageable pieces (known as packets) that can travel independently over any available circuit to the target destination, where the pieces are reassembled. Thus, unlike traditional voice communications, packet switching does not require a single dedicated circuit between each pair of users.

    Commercial packet networks were introduced in the 1970s, but these were designed principally to provide efficient access to remote computers by dedicated terminals. Briefly, they replaced long-distance modem connections by less-expensive “virtual” circuits over packet networks. In the United States, Telenet and Tymnet were two such packet networks. Neither supported host-to-host communications; in the 1970s this was still the province of the research networks, and it would remain so for many years.

    Britannica Quiz

    What Do You Actually Know About the Internet?

  2. it.wikipedia.org › wiki › InternetInternet - Wikipedia

    Con il termine Internet [1] si intende l'insieme di tutti i dispositivi collegati in rete mediante i protocolli TCP/IP, con i sistemi fisici di comunicazione che li collegano, gli apparati necessari per la loro interconnessione atti a formare reti di computer e le tecnologie che permettono a tali reti di interconnettersi.

  3. The Internet today is a widespread information infrastructure, the initial prototype of what is often called the National (or Global or Galactic) Information Infrastructure. Its history is complex and involves many aspects – technological, organizational, and community.

  4. 15 mar 2022 · Internet invention. How it works. How do websites work? Speed and bandwidth. Additional resources. Bibliography. The internet is a vast network that connects computers across the world via more...

  5. History of the Internet - Wikipedia. Contents. hide. (Top) Foundations. Networks that led to the Internet. 1973–1989: Merging the networks and creating the Internet. 1990–2003: Rise of the global Internet, Web 1.0. 2004–present: Web 2.0, global ubiquity, social media. Internet governance. Politicization of the Internet. Net neutrality.

  6. The internet provides an almost endless list of services: it allows us to communicate and collaborate worldwide; send money internationally (including remittances ); learn and educate others; form cross-border social connections; share news; and many others.