23 ore fa · Weimar ist eine kreisfreie Stadt in Thüringen in Deutschland, die für ihr kulturelles und politisches Erbe bekannt ist. Die Mittelstadt oder Altstadt liegt an einem Bogen der Ilm südöstlich des Ettersberges, der mit 477 Metern höchsten Erhebung im Thüringer Becken.
1 giorno fa · The Weimar Republic, officially known as the German Reich, was a historical period of Germany from 9 November 1918 to 23 March 1933, during which it was a constitutional federal republic for the first time in history; hence it is also referred to, and unofficially proclaimed itself, as the German Republic.
- Geography and Demographics
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Archaeological finds dating back to the Thuringii epoch (3rd to 6th centuries) show that the Weimar part of the Ilmvalley was settled early. A tight network of settlements occupied much of the area of today's city.
The oldest records regarding Weimar date to 899. Its name changed over the centuries from Wimares through Wimari to Wimar and finally Weimar; it is derived from Old High German wīh- (holy) and -mari (standing water, swamp). The place was the seat of the County of Weimar, first mentioned in 949, which was one of the most powerful jurisdictions in early Middle Ages Thuringia. In 1062 it was united with the County of Orlamünde to the new County of Weimar-Orlamünde, which existed until the Thurin...
Early Modern Period
After the Treaty of Leipzig (1485) Weimar became part of the electorate of the Ernestine branch of Wettins with Wittenberg as capital. The Protestant Reformation was introduced in Weimar in 1525; Martin Luther stayed several times in the city. As the Ernestines lost the Schmalkaldic War in 1547, their capital Wittenberg went also to the Albertines, so that they needed a new residence. As the ruler returned from captivity, Weimar became his residence in 1552 and remained as such until the end...
Weimar is situated within the valley of Ilm river, a tributary of Saale river on the southern border of the Thuringian Basin, a fertile agricultural area between the Harz mountains 70 km (43 mi) in the north and the Thuringian Forest 50 km (31 mi) in the southwest. The municipal terrain is hilly; the height of the city centre in Ilm valley is approximately 200 m of elevation. To the north, the terrain rises to Ettersberg, the city's backyard mountain, 482 m in height. The range of hills in th...
Weimar has a humid continental climate (Dfb) or an oceanic climate (Cfb) according to the Köppen climate classification system. Summers are warm and sometimes humid with average high temperatures of 23 °C (73 °F) and lows of 12 °C (54 °F). Winters are relatively cold with average high temperatures of 2 °C (36 °F) and lows of −3 °C (27 °F). The city's topography creates a microclimate caused through the basin position with sometimes inversionin winter (quite cold nights under −20 °C (−4 °F))....
Weimar abuts the district of Weimarer Land with the municipalities Berlstedt, Ettersburg, Kleinobringen, Großobringen and Wohlsborn in the north, Kromsdorf, Umpferstedt and Mellingen in the east, Vollersroda, Buchfart, Hetschburg, Bad Berka and Troistedt in the south and Nohra, Daasdorf am Berge, Hopfgarten and Ottstedt am Bergein the west. The city itself is divided into 10 inner urban and 11 suburban districts. The centre is formed by the district Altstadt (old town) and the Gründerzeit dis...
World Heritage Sites
Two World Heritage Sitesconverge in Weimar: 1. The Classical Weimar World Heritage Site consists of 11 sites related to Weimar as a European centre of the Enlightenmentduring the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. 2. The Bauhaus and its Sites in Weimar, Dessau and Bernau World Heritage Site comprises six separate sites, two in Weimar, which are associated with the Bauhausart school, which had a revolutionary influence on 20th century architectural and aesthetic thinking and practice.
Weimar has a great variety of museums: 1. The Goethe-Nationalmuseum at Frauenplan shows the life of Johann Wolfgang von Goethein his former residence. 2. Goethe's garden house in the Park an der Ilmshows an exhibition about Goethe and his connection to nature. 3. The Schiller-Museum at Schillerstraße shows the life of Friedrich Schillerin his former residence. 4. The Goethe- und Schiller-Archiv at Hans-Wahl-Straße collects the estate of Goethe, Schiller and other various artists. In 2001, it...
The historic city centre of Weimar is situated between the Ilm river in the east, Grabenstraße in the north, Goetheplatz and Theaterplatz in the west and Schillerstraße in the south. Its two central squares are the Marktplatz in the south (with the town hall) and the Herderplatz in the north (with the main church). Despite its medieval origin, there are only a few medieval buildings, many being destroyed by frequent fires throughout the city's history. Most buildings in this area date back to...
Agriculture, industry and services
The area around Weimar is relatively fertile and 48% of the municipal surface are used for agricultural production. Most common agricultures are cereals, maize and rapeseed, while famous agricultural products from the Weimar region are potatoes (especially from Heichelheim, 7 km (4.3 mi) to the north) for dishes with Thuringian dumplings (Knödel from potatoes), onions (from Heldrungen and Oldisleben, 45 km (28 mi) to the north), which are sold at Weimar Onion Market in October, and Saale-Unst...
After the reunification, the educational system was realigned. Some academies were combined into the new Bauhaus University, founded in 1996 with approximately 4,200 students and focus on architecture, design and media. The Liszt School of Music is a university focussed on music and music education founded in 1872 with 850 students today. Furthermore, there are three regular Gymnasiums, the Musikgymnasium Schloss Belvedere, an elite boarding school with focus on music, and the Thuringia Inter...
Mayor and city council
The most recent mayoral election was held on 15 April 2018, and the results were as follows: The most recent city council election was held on 26 May 2019, and the results were as follows:
List of mayors and lord mayors (since 1793) The years behind the names indicate the years of office, whereby the year of office did not correspond to the calendar year. Since 1838, the city has had a lord mayor. 1. 1793–1797: Johann Heinrich Siegmund Rentsch 2. 1798–1811: Carl Adolph Schultze[de] 3. 1811–1813: Daniel Wilhelm Brunnquell 4. 1813: Carl Christian August Paulssen[de] 5. 1814–1820: Bernhard Friedrich Rudolph Kuhn 6. 1820–1838: Carl Leberecht Schwabe[de] 7. 1838–1850: Carl Georg Has...
John M. Jeep, ed. (2001). "Weimar". Medieval Germany: an Encyclopedia. Garland Publishing. ISBN 0-8240-7644-3.
19 set 2023 · Riscoprire l’attualità di Hans Fallada: uno scavo perspicace e abissale nel dramma del tempo di Weimar, la tragedia dell’autosufficienza borghese. L’intento di uno scrittore è quello di ...
1 giorno fa · Germany portal History portal v t e Nazi Germany, [h] officially known as the German Reich [i] until 1943, later the Greater German Reich, [j] was the German state between 1933 and 1945, when Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party controlled the country, transforming it into a totalitarian dictatorship .
4 giorni fa · Als Weimarer Republik (zeitgenössisch auch Deutsche Republik) wird der Abschnitt der deutschen Geschichte von 1918 bis 1933 bezeichnet, in dem erstmals eine parlamentarische Demokratie in Deutschland bestand. Diese Epoche löste die konstitutionelle Monarchie der Kaiserzeit ab und begann mit der Ausrufung der Republik am 9. November 1918.
Weimar, city, Thuringia Land (state), eastern Germany. It lies along the Ilm River, just east of Erfurt. During the late 18th and early 19th centuries, Weimar was the intellectual center of Germany. Learn more about Weimar, including its history and economy, in this article.